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Type II Diabetes Walkthrough

· Type 2 Diabetes

Lifestyle of diabetics in first days

Living with diabetes requires a new approach to a person’s day. Diabetes should be well managed to avoid any complications, most commonly hypoglycemia and/or hyperglycemia.

The first days are going to be challenging for a newly diagnosed diabetic, but healthy steps throughout the day can help controlling it:

  1. It’s crucial to monitor your blood sugar, in order to understand your body’s response to food and your glycemia spikes throughout the day.

  2. A diabetic's’ diet is no different from how every person should be eating on a daily basis

    1. Have plenty of fibers from whole grains foods, fruits, vegetables, etc.

    2. Consume lean protein sources such as tuna, chicken breast, turkey, etc.

    3. Choose low-fat or fat free dairy products

  3. It is mandatory to stick to your medication plan and schedule. Daily pill-box, food journal for insulin,... can help you well managing your meds.

  4. Exercise regularly starting with simple, easily achievable exercise routine.

Misconceptions about Type II Diabetes:

  1. Being overweight causes diabetes

False.    It is one of the several risk factors for diabetes. Over the years, the increase of diabetes’ prevalence has been related to the increase of obesity worldwide.

  1. A person with type 2 diabetes needs to have insulin injections

False. A type 2 diabetic will only need medication to control his diabetes. However, if his disease is poorly managed on the long term, the doctor can prescribe the injection of insulin to help lower his blood glucose levels.

  1. Only old people can be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

False. This statement was true 20 to 30 years ago. Recently, children as young as 5 years old are getting diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, mainly in relation to the increase of sedentary and the lack of exercise and a poor unhealthy lifestyle.

  1. Eating too much sugar causes diabetes.

Not necessarily, it can be a risk factor but diabetes is caused by a damaged pancreas that can’t produce enough insulin and/or the absence of insulin.

  1. If you have diabetes, you can never eat sugar.

That’s not true. Diabetics can eat sugary food from time to time as long as they are following a regular healthy lifestyle.

  1. If you’re diagnosed with type 2 you have it for life.

A healthy lifestyle can reverse diabetes if it is still in the early stages of the diagnosis. (ex: losing weight, more exercise, etc…)

Medications for type 2 diabetes

  1. Metformin: (ex. Glucophage)

    1. Increase sensitivity to insulin in the body in order to be more effectively used.

    2. Decrease glucose production in the liver.

  2. Glimepiride: (ex. Amaryl)

    1. Increase the secretion of insulin in the body.

  3. Thiazolidinediones: (ex. Avandia, Actos)

    1. Increase sensitivity to insulin in the body , however because weight gain is a common side effect to this medication, it isn’t often prescribed as the first choice.

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